By Stephen Colvin
A short historical past of old Greek accessibly depicts the social background of this historical language from its Indo-European roots to the current day.
Explains key relationships among the language and literature of the Classical interval (500 - three hundred BC)
offers a social heritage of the language which transliterates and interprets all Greek as acceptable, and is for that reason available to readers who comprehend very little Greek
Written within the framework of recent sociolinguistic conception, touching on the improvement of historic Greek to its social and political context
displays the newest considering on matters equivalent to Koiné Greek and the connection among literary and vernacular Greek
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Additional resources for A Brief History of Ancient Greek
Menta μόλυβδος [molubdos] “lead”: Lat. plumbum (cf. Greek dialect forms molibos, bolimos) σῦκον [sū kon] “fig”: Lat. f ı̄cus In other cases in this category the word seems to be found in a number of eastern Mediterranean languages (Anatolian, Iranian, Semitic, Egyptian): οἶνος [oinos]: Lat. vı̄num (Hittite wiyana, Arabic wain: cf. Greek dialect woinos) λείριον [leirion] “lily”: Lat. lı̄lium (Hittite alel “flower,” Coptic hlēli) ῥόδον [rodon] “rose”: Lat. rosa (Iranian *wr̥d-, cf. Greek dialect brodon < *wrodon) In the “other cases” above the words seem to be clear examples of areal diffusion: in whichever language they arose, they spread across a wide area and morphed unpredictably as they moved.
An extract from a text from the palace archive at Pylos, giving names of people who have various types of land tenure. It is unusual in containing a number of verbs. ) land: so much seed WHEAT 3 units plus T 9 [~ 374 liters] Line 5 appears to record a dispute between the temple and the dāmos (“community”) over the nature of the lease that the priestess holds. 6 liters. ” (3) KN Fp 1. 12 Total < OIL > S 1[ OIL V 3 OIL V 1 < OIL > V4 OIL 3 S 2 V 2 OIL S 1 OIL S 2 OIL S 1 OIL S 1 OIL S 1[ OIL S 1[ OIL V 3 OIL V 1 V4 OIL 3 S 2 V 2 OIL S 1 (~ 10 liters) OIL S 2 (~ 20 liters) OIL S 1 (~ 10 liters) OIL 1 unit (~ 30 liters) OIL S 1 (~ 10 liters) [ < OIL > S 1 (~ 10 liters) [ OIL V 3 (~ 5 liters) OIL V 1 (~ 1½ liter) < OIL > V 4 (~ 6 liters) OIL 3 units, S 2, V 2 (~ 113 liters) In lines 7 and 10 the scribe was running out of room and omitted the sign for oil.
Vı̄num (Hittite wiyana, Arabic wain: cf. Greek dialect woinos) λείριον [leirion] “lily”: Lat. lı̄lium (Hittite alel “flower,” Coptic hlēli) ῥόδον [rodon] “rose”: Lat. rosa (Iranian *wr̥d-, cf. Greek dialect brodon < *wrodon) In the “other cases” above the words seem to be clear examples of areal diffusion: in whichever language they arose, they spread across a wide area and morphed unpredictably as they moved. The notion that 30 An Aegean Co-Production the words in the first category derive from some pan-Mediterranean substrate is absurd, recalling an era when the areal diffusion of language was barely recognized.
A Brief History of Ancient Greek by Stephen Colvin